Knit one stitch then knit next stitch and put the first stitch over the
second stitch, and repeat until you have only one loop left. Cut your
yarn and put it thru that loop and tighten it with a little tug.
PICK UP SELVEDGE EDGE STITCHES
The selvedge side is the edge of your knitting. Either side it doesn't
matter, just pick up stitches on one of the side edges. There are several
ways that you can pick up a stitch. Hold your yarn behind your edge. Holding
your knitting needle in your right hand stick the end thru a hole on the
edge and catch the yarn underneath. Some people need to use a crochet
hook for this task but however you are comfortable will be fine. If you
can use this method of pulling loops thru the selvedge edge the look will
be smoother than if you just pick up the selvedge edge loops. I used to
just stick my needle thru the edge and pick up the actual edge but some
of the stitches there are big and some are tiny and all are very uneven.
There are a lot of different ways you can do this. You could crochet along
this edge then pick up the crochet stitches. You could sew the edge.
RAGLAN pair for pyramid
K2 tog-makes sts lean one way (right)
k2tog or p2tog Simply insert right-hand needle through two stitches instead
of one and knit them together as one stitch. On purl row, insert the needle
purlwise through the two stitches and purl in usual way.
S1, K1, PSSO=makes sts lean the other way (left)
sl 1, k1, psso (a) Slip next stitch onto the right-hand needle without
knitting it then knit the next stitch. (b) Lift the slipped stitch over
the knitted stitch and drop it off the needle. (On a purl row the abbreviation
is sl 1, p1, psso.
(or you can knit two together in the back of the stitches to turn left)
When the decrease stitches are paired so that they lean towards each other
as a pyramid, the pairing is smooth and regular. When the order is reversed
so that the angles of each slope outwards instead of inwards, the pairing
is rough. There is no right or wrong!
P2 tog (lean to right on right side)
P1,return to left needle,p.n.s.o. (P.R.)(lean to left on right side)
P2tog will give the same diagonal on the front as K2tog and the Purl Reverse
will give the same effect on the front as S1,K1, psso.
If you are decreasing double and want a pair=pyramid then:
P1,ret to Left needle,p2n.s.o. (D.P.R.)
IF ON KNIT ROW SLIP KNITWISE
INCREASE KNIT INTO TOP OF ROW BELOW GO BEHIND AND KNIT INTO PURL least
visible form of increase. 2nd stitch in from edge Increase purl by knitting
into the purl loop at bottom of purl stitch then knit into the purl stitch
making two purl stitches.
INCREASE: KNIT FRONT AND BACK
INCREASE: KNIT THE LOOP BETWEEN NEEDLES (TWIST THIS LOOP TO FILL UP HOLE
This is called a "Make 1"(M 1) You can purl between also.
YARN FORWARD INCREASE Bring the yarn to the front, take
it over the right hand needle and knit the stitch. The completed increase
creates a visible hole and is often used in lace patterns. This increase
is abbreviated in knitting patterns as yf (yarn forward) or as yfwd.
TO OPEN UP OUR RIGHT BRAIN AND THINK ABOUT FIBER IN MANY DIFFERENT WAYS
This lesson will choose 4 different yarns with your eyes
shut, knit one inch of each then bind off and pick up side stitches and
knit the fourth color. Knitting 4 fibers in 2 different directions
What's in a name? Each one of us has a different name some have the same
name but different faces..anyway we are all different from each other.
I know what I see but I don't know what you see. If there are 15 people
here then we have the advantage of 15 opinions. If one of us shows something
we have created and you think, "Oh, I don't like that!" well
that's okay but you are "limiting" yourself to only what you
Let's throw away our "limits" and really look and listen to
each other and enjoy our freedom. If you look at something and say "Oh,
I don't like that but there must be something I do like, maybe the color,
or the texture, a stitch, the shape, the buttons." You will learn
something from everything you see even if it's , "Well, I don't have
to do that now, because I know I don't like it. Whew"
How do we combine
yarns? Place a collection of yarns in a bowl or box or just a pile but
be sure you can see them all at once. Do you like them together? Is there
one you don't like with the others? Take it away. Keep making choices
until you have a collection of yarns (at least 10 different) from which
Have your yarn pile
out in front of you and close your eyes, NO CHEATING
1... now pick
OPEN YOUR EYES AND cast on 20 sts. If you would like to learn an invisible
cast on then here it is. This method of casting on is one of the fastest
of the cast-ons. The movements are small and rhythmical. An advanced cast-on
is the cable cast on. You can use Stockinet
2...CLOSE YOUR EYES NOW AND CHANGE YARN COLORS just tie
on the new color or use the loose ends tuck
up method, so change yarn colors whether you want to tuck in your
ends as you knit or just let them hang, it doesn't matter. When you change
those yarn colors I do want you shut your eyes when you pick this second
color. I don't want you to think because accidents are the best possible
tools for any artist. The way to trick yourself into having an accident
is what you want to know. An accident is something you wouldn't consciously
do. An accident is something you don't know how to do so have an accident
and learn from it. You may like the accident and you may not like the
accident but if you don't try you'll never know.
Is the second color
1 inch long now?
BREAK OFF YOUR THREAD
YOUR EYES AND PICK A NEW COLOR - DON'T CHEAT
CHANGE to COLOR 3 either knitting in the new thread or just let them hang
, it doesn't matter right now.
off your sample or just pull out the needle.
and choose another yarn....pick up sts on selvedge
(side) edge and knit. Do you feel like a fiber artist yet? Well keep knitting
must be 4,000 ways to knit a sweater. What is knitting?
Knitting is color, texture, and shape
If you buy 8 skeins of blue yarn then you will have a blue
sweater..........buy red, blue
and yellow yarn,
you will knit a red blue and yellow sweater.
If you choose stockinet stitch then the look will be flat.
If you choose garter then the look will be textured.
If you choose seed stitch the look
will be bumpy.
400 yards yarn, #15 needle, #13 needle
SCARF LENGTHWISE WITH SEVERAL DIFFERENT YARNS this is a good
exercise to teach yourself what you like best YOU NEED ABOUT 400 YARDS
FOR THIS SCARF. This scarf takes about 2 hours to knit and it makes great
gifts. Cast on 100 sts with size #15 needle and knit with size #13 needle.
Because when you cast on it tends to be tighter. Some of you hold two
needles together but with this large a needle it's easier to just go up
a couple of sizes. Try to cast on loosely and when you are ready to bind
off then use that bigger needle on the row before the cast off row. Make
sure the edges are not tight. I made 30 rows, 6 yard lengths of yarn leaving
16" tails (scarf body for mine are 4 1/2') using 100 stitches. A
total of 540 feet of yarn aproximately.
If you choose a different
needle size then you will have to knit a swatch and check your gauge so
you will know how many stitches to cast onto your needle.
Leave your ends of color changes long (18")so you can finish the
ends by tying a knot and having some ends hanging too.
CREATIVE KNITTING is not just knitting for function ,
We can buy a sweater but knitting is for many more reasons than something
Every stitch is a variation of knit or purl
that's all it is you either knit or purl sometimes you knit three or four
times sometimes you wrap the thread around a few times that's still a
variation of knit or purl and then you add increases
or decreases which is simply knitting two purl
stitches together or two knit stitches together or somehow putting stitches
together to decrease down to less stitches or increase to more stitches.
copy what I do or what your neighbor does but that's not you.
let's talk about this now. What you are knitting could be considered a
gauge. You know the size needles you have and you know the yarn you are
using an accurate swatch = after you knit it might relax after 10",
well you might relax and your stitches get bigger so if you had 4 stitches
to the inch then you might get only 3 1/2 stitches to the inch which means
your garment is going to grow. Well, sometimes that's good if you're bigger
at the top than your waistline but you do need to know this information.
It is necessary to know how many stitches per inch. Different patterns
change the stitches per inch. Some patterns spread wider than other so
it's very important. So with the same yarn and the same size needles if
you get 4 stitches to the inch and with a pattern you only get 3 this
means your garment will be a lot wider. We will really think about this
in lesson 3 and 4. But think about it now a little bit.
Knit a square sample of yarn as soon as you bring your yarns home from
the store or however you got them , it's best to knit them together and
knit them one after the other. It looks one way on skein and different
when knit and they look different if you use different patterns. Tie a
tag onto your swatch stating the needle size used and type yarn, date,
SHAPE Shape of fabric is
determined by INC or DEC
it's that simple
Knitting is simply creating fabric that has color texture and shape
SOME YARNS ARE FOR OUR SOUL AND NOT "just
to knit" but some yarns are just to see and feel whenever WE want.
They can be a little frightening because these artists who hand paint
or dye yarns they are so beautiful what can you possibly do with it after
you have bought it. I wonder what I can add to the already "art"
of this yarn.
INVISIBLE CAST ON: Cast on 20 sts and
begin knitting using stockinet, garter or moss(seed) st. Knit until I
Stockinet stitch is knit one row purl back the next row so all the knit
stitches are on one side and all the purl stitches are on the other side.
Garter stitch is knit all the rows so both sides are identical and are
alternating rows of knit and purl because if you knit all the rows then
when you knit the other side of the knit stitch is a purl stitch, consequently
when you knit you automatically create a purl on the other side and vice
STITCH Moss or Seed Stitch is knit one stitch, purl one stitch
and so forth then alternate on next row; knit all the purl stitches and
purl all the knit stitches. This forms a bumpy texture.
ENDS TUCK UP Hold 2 tails in left hand between fingers, stick needles
in knit, throw tails over needle, throw yarn over to knit but before you
finish stitch throw tails off needle. Finish knit stitch. Knit next stitch.
Repeat. Works the same for purl but you hold the ends in left hand in
front of work. You can use this method to carry other colors across. It
begins to be very rhythmical and pleasant and your tension will even out
and you will have a better temperament knowing you don't have to run in
all those ends when you are finished. Usually I have about one inch sticking
out in the back of my work. if I run in the end for 6 inches by the time
I am finished and the garment has been tried on it somehow pulls the threat
until there is about 1 inch sticking out.....not to worry, it wont be
noticed, it wont unravel and if anybody complains just look at them like
they don't know what they are talking about. Well, they don't , because
if they knit they would soon find out that it's impossible to run in any
end and not have 1 inch sticking out sooner or later.
Write down the end
of this sentence. "The prettiest "stuff" I have ever seen
was the time I saw .................................." Now finish
this sentence. "The most exciting part of what I saw was the................................"
"But, the most exciting part of what I saw was...................."
Save your answers !!!
Now ask yourself "Why?"
What made it so pretty? Was it the color? Was it the texture or design?
If you like it because it was soft looking then don't choose strong contrast
but if you like it beacuse it looked like a flower garden then look for
patterns and bright colored yarns.
ODD LOTS - they are good to use with other yarns for
texture and color variation.
Man made fibers are
almost impossible to destroy. You can burn them but otherwise nothing
DOES NOT MEAN "THROW AWAY YOUR PATTERNS" JUST have a new option
to use or not use a pattern!
WORKS AT ONE TIME
You don't always feel like knitting the same thing all the time. Sometimes
you like complex, or simple. It's good to have several creations started
at same time. Don't say you cannot start one more thing. Well you can.
Knitting is not your work. This is not your housekeeping or your dinner
cooking or the dishes. This is creating for your soul. You need different
colors. It's kind of like different foods. You choose different foods.
A craving for apples may mean you need some vitamin in the apple. Your
body is saying, "Hey, I need that." Same thing goes for color
or different textures of yarn. Sometimes you want to just be calm and
cool and knit on a plain old thing. Just sit and knit. I even take it
to the movies. I don't care if I drop a stitch. I can pick up the stitch
Just the act of moving
your fingers and feeling the yarn is a kinetic pleasure and it is very
centering. Some writers just like the feel of the pencil in their fingers.
The mere act of picking up the pencil is soothing and centering. So think
about that and if somebody gives you a hard time about always knitting
all the time just look at them steady and say, "I'm centering myself.
I'm finding my balance.
Lessons 1 Lesson
2 Lesson 3 Lesson
5 Lesson 6 Lesson
7 Lesson 8
9 Lesson 10 Lesson
11 Lesson 12
CAST ON Cable Cast On Place a slip loop
on left-hand needle. Holding yarn in right hand, wrap the yarn around
the point of the right-hand needle and draw this loop through the slip
stitch on the left-hand needle then slip the loop onto the left-hand needle.
This is a set up to begin the cable cast on. The cable cast on is formed
by **sticking your right-hand needle between the first two stitches on
the left-hand needle. Wrap your yarn around the point of the right-hand
needle, thus forming a loop as before. Draw this loop thru the space between
the two stitches and place the stitch formed on the end of the left-hand
needle, thus forming another stitch** Repeat the actions from ** to **
until you have the desired number of stitches on your needle.
OR RECLAIMED WOOL
Rags, suits, worn out sweaters, socks and underwear are shipped from Europe
every year. Reworked wool fibers are more or less weakened by; Garnetting,
the process by which old cloth is torn apart. Removing by chemical treatment
the cotton and other foreign matter damages the fibers, which have already
deteriorated from wear. Stripping of the original color.
Shrinking is done by wet or dry chlorination of wool to make it unshrinkable.
Moth Proofing is accomplished by chemicals.
The wool chemically removed from the pelts of slaughtered animals. It
does not possess the same qualities as the Virgin or "live"
wool, it does not dye so effectively as fleece wool.
SCIENTIFIC WOOL FROM
Chemically, wool is a mixture of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen and
sulphur. A synthetic wool fiber made from casein, a milk by-product, has
been devised by scientists of the Bureau of the Dairy Industry. Casein
fiber and natural wool fiber is almost identical. The synthetic fiber
contains less sulphur. The casein masses are washed, dried and ground.
Then they are dissolved with chemical reagents and sent to the maturing
and filtering tanks to take out all impurities. The casein is again in
liquid form and is forced through a spinning machine where it is transformed
into filaments which emerge as fine white wool threads. (Either sheep
or goat's milk) The artificial wool is non-shrinkable, water resistant,
and soft to the touch. Synthetic wool fiber made from casein, a milk by-product,
is of animal origin and therefore takes wool dyes.
A new wool which is shorn from the sheep when it is alive. It is the most
satisfactory both as to looks and service; its fibers are stronger, lonnger
and more crimpy, so it possesses greater elasticity, resiliency and higher