LESSON #11 DOUBLE DIAGONAL and Crochet Sts.
( Students bring scrap yarn and needles to make a sample)
OBJECTIVE: to learn how to go in opposite directions making one just by
using increases and decreases and to understand the uses of crochet stitches
We can all be weighted down by so much knowledge. Try to think like children.
To children, "nothing is impossible!"
You don't have to make a gauge for this sweater but you will be better
knowing just what size needles to use with the different yarns you will
be using.......ALSO..determine how wide you want this sweater NOW because
forewarned is forearmed. You can make a cardigan out of this pattern and
the back doesn't have to match the front but it will have a more exciting
look if the chevrons match on the sides.
You may want to leave long tails on the edges as you add colors - these
can be used to sew up sides later. Also, you will need two of each yarn
at the beginning. Perhaps you can just use the outside strand of yarn
and pull the other end of the yarn out of the middle of the ball. Don't
forget you might want to match the back so save some yarn.
If you write how many rows of each color as you knit then matching the
front will be easier.
As you begin to knit this - tie something bright on the bottom edge so
you will always know which edge is the bottom. This sounds silly but you'll
see what I mean as you knit.
Cast on 2 stitches (and cast on 2 sts with other yarn ON SAME NEEDLE)
Row 1 Purl (purl other also)
Row 2 Knit increase 1 stitch each end (on this row you must increase in
back and front of end stitches but in future rows increase one stitch
in from the edge) to 4 stitches (K increase same on other triangle)
Row 3 Purl - increase at END of row (Purl increase BEGINNING of other
Row 4 Repeat rows 2 and 3 until you have total 13 stitches (Repeat same
on other triangle reversing increases)
Row 10 Repeat row 1 ( no increase)
Row 11 Repeat row 2
Row 12 Repeat row 3
Row 13 Repeat row 2
Repeat these 4 rows until 33 stitches
Row 14 (18sts)
Row 15 (20sts)
at this point increase every other RIGHT SIDE row only
IF YOU HAVE NOT BEEN KNITTING BOTH AT ONE TIME : piece measures half of
your desired width, place on holder and make a second triangle reversing
all shaping (it is simpler to make both at the same time)
NOW IS THE TIME TO DECIDE IF YOU WILL PUT ONE STITCH UP THE MIDDLE OR
A CABLE - THIS ADDS TO WIDTH SO PLAN FOR IT
When the two triangles measure correct width you can connect them. You
might want to have a cable going up the front middle or whatever? but
you need to think about this before you finish the triangles and connect
them because you might want to add stitches for this cable. COUNT YOUR
STITCHES ON EACH SIDE - THEY SHOULD MATCH....!
If you just want a single stitch up the center then :
hold 1 st * before center in back
slip next st to (R) needle
put *st back on (L) needle, k 2 tog
pass slip st over
When triangles have been joined in middle then proceed in pattern stitch
of your choice.
Row 1 Increase in 2 nd stitch. work to within 3 sts of end of 1st triangle,
K2 Tog, K1, place marker, K1, K2 tog (into back of both stitches together
- this twists the decrease opposite the other decrease) Increase in next
to last stitch.
Row 2 Work in pattern (no increase)
Repeat these 2 rows until outer edge is desired length less ribbing you
will add later.
IF YOU PUT CABLE UP THE MIDDLE AND SOMETIME YOU SLIP STITCH THE SIDE DIAGONALS
THEN SHORT ROW THE CABLE SO IT WONT BE PULLED OUT OF SHAPE
You can make a cardigan or pullover - both start the same as the back
just when you get to the middle you have to account for the front button
band or cable. It's easier to knit both sides at same time.
At beginning of every row bind off 2 stitches. (this eliminates the increase
at beginning and end of row) Continue to decrease in center as before.
If boat neck is desired then bind off until no sts remain.
If V neck is desired then bind off until shoulder measure about 4".
The remaining sts can be ribbed or bound off for a roll collar or you
can crochet the edge !
You have all the usual sleeve choices, you can:
1 Just add 1" of rib to shoulder edge and bind off
2 Pick up sts at arm edge and work down to wrist.
3 Make a diagonal sleeve and sew to body OR A DOUBLE DIAGONAL
4 Make a vertical sleeve and sew to body
Suggested sts for the diagonal
Double seed stitch
Row 1 *K2,P2*
Row 2 Work sts as they face you
Row 3 *P2,K2*
Row 4 Work sts as they face you
Row 1 K each sts wrapping yarn twice
Row 2 K (or P) into each st dropping extra wrap
Work sts for 4 rows or so
Eyelet Row *K5, YO, K2 tog *
Work 4 rows as beginning
note: on second half triangle K2togTBL (in back)
Work 4 or 6 rows
Popcorn Row *K5, Kin front, back, front, and back of next stitch (4sts),
turn, K these 4 sts, turn, Kthese 4 sts
Slip the 3rd, 2nd, and 1st st over the 4th st
Repeat from * across all
Work 4 or 6 rows plain
Knit every row
CROCHET USES MUCH MORE YARN THAN KNITTING
CHOOSE CROCHET STS BECAUSE OF HEIGHT the reason we choose different crochet
stitches - single, half double, etc.
Use hook size the same number as knitting needle size will give you the
same gauge - probably !! Check it out.
MAKE A CROCHET CHAIN - NEVER COUNT THE FIRST STITCH AS A STITCH
YO means wrap the yarn around the hook.
HAVE A CHOICE OF GOING UNDER 2 THREADS OR ONE THREAD
(THRU 2 IS STRONGER AND MOST PROFESSIONALS GO THRU 2)
CHAIN STITCH - SLIP A LOOP OVER HOOK, YO, DRAW YARN THROUGH LOOP ON HOOK
AND CONTINUE UNTIL YOU HAVE ENOUGH STITCHES. (remember some of these stitches
are to form the first stitch)
SLIP CROCHET IS LIKE IRON- there is no give to this stitch and it is useful
whenever you need a no nonsense edge A slip crochet is the shortest height
stitch and it is useful when you want to stablise an edge or to pick up
stitches from an edge. INSERT HOOK IN NEXT STITCH, YO, DRAW YARN THROUGH
STITCH AND LOOP ON HOOK ALL AT ONCE
SINGLE CROCHET IS ONE LOOP TALL - INSERT HOOK IN SECOND CHAIN , YO, DRAW
YARN THROUGH STITCH, YO, DRAW YARN THROUGH 2 LOOPS ON HOOK
HALF DOUBLE CROCHET IS 2 LOOPS TALL - YO, INSERT HOOK IN FOURTH CHAIN
FROM HOOK YO, DRAW YARN THROUGH ST, YO, DRAW THROUGH 3 LOOPS ON HOOK ALL
DOUBLE CROCHET IS 3 LOOPS TALL -YO, INSERT HOOK IN FIFTH CHAIN FROM HOOK.
YO, DRAW YARN THROUGH STITCH, YO, DRAW YARN THROUGH 2 LOOPS ON HOOK. YO,
DRAW YARN THROUGH 2 LOOPS ON HOOK
TRIPLE CROCHET IS 4 LOOPS TALL-YO TWICE ,INSERT HOOK IN SIX CHAIN FROM
HOOK. YO, draw yarn through stitch * YO, DRAW YARN THROUGH 2 LOOPS ON
HOOK* REPEAT FROM * TO * ONCE. YO , DRAW YARN THROUGH 2 LOOPS ON HOOK
PRACTICE nothing is impossible !!!
EVERY TIME YOU TURN YOU NEED 1 CHAIN FOR TURN STITCH this needs to be
the same height as row stitches so if you are double crocheting then double
crochet this edge stitch.
SINGLE NEEDS 1 CHAIN STS FOR TURN
HALF DOUBLE NEEDS 2 CHAIN STS FOR TURN
DOUBLE NEEDS 3 CHAIN STS FOR TURN
TRIPLE CROCHET NEEDS 4 CHAIN STS FOR TURN
2 4 8 4 2
SC HD D HD SC
ONE ROW OF SINGLE
REPEAT TILL DESIRED SIZE CAP SLEEVE
CROCHET RIBBING - Use a hook one size smaller than the hook you use for
the body of the sweater. Work a chain equal to the width of the ribbing
you desire, plus 1 chain (for the turning chain). Work 1 sc in the 2nd
chain from the hook and in each ch across, ch 1, turn. In the next row
and all following rows sc in the back loop only of each sc across.